Monday, 8 July 2013

Revised list of poets July 2013


FEMALE POETS OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR

Here is the latest list – July 2013.  I find new poets and interesting information every day.  As always if you know of any poets I have left out, please get in touch.  I am particularly keen to find poets from Luxembourg, Thailand and from African countries but all poets of the era are welcome.   

Someone asked if I was only including 'professional' poets.  Definitely not - as far as I am concerned you do not have to be a 'published' poet to write poetry.   Do have a look at what Dr. Olson said in his review of George Bruce's anthology further down the blog.   I agree with Bruce about poetry - this was not always the case but the past year has led to amazing discoveries and helped me to change my mind. 

Thank you all for your loyalty.

As my research has progressed, it has become very clear that there were far more women who wrote poetry during the 1914 - 1918 period than the few mentioned in many of the anthologies compiled so far.   I feel strongly that their voices deserve to be heard.

REVISED LIST JULY 2013

BRITISH

Margot Robert ADAMSON (1898 - ) Scottish  ?
Georgette AGNEW ?
Marian ALLEN (1892 – 1953) b. Australia
Jessie Annie ANDERSON (b. 1861 – Scottish ?
Lilian M. ANDERSON (1866 – 1946) Scottish ?
Marion ANGUS (1866 - 1946) - Scottish
Lady ASHMORE - Scottish

Edith BAGNOLD (27th October 1889 - 31st March 1981) (Nurse then driver in France)
Rachel BATES (Wirral)
Dorothy Julie BAYNES ?
Mary BEAZLEY ?
Madeline Ida BEDFORD – Munitions poem
Janet BEGBIE ?
Maud Anna BELL (Serbian Relief Fund) (1861 – 1947) ?
Frances BELLERBY (1899 – 1975) -
Stella BENSON (1892 - 1933)
Matilda BETHAM-EDWARDS (1836 – 1919)
Nora BOMFORD
Lilian BOWES LYON (1895 - 1949)
Mary Elizabeth BOYLE (brother killed opening days of the War)
Catherine BRIDSON (Wirral)
Beatrix BRICE MILLER 
Sybil BRISTOWE (brother killed early 1917)
Vera BRITTAIN (1896 - 1970) (Nurse - VAD - Brother killed Italy)
Judith BRUNDRETT-TWESDALE
BRYHER - pen name
Alice Mary BUCKTON (1867 - 1944) (Emigrated to South Africa)

C.A.L.T.
May WEDDERBURN-CANNAN (1893 - 1973) (VAD + Intelligence Service; engaged to Bevil Quiller-Couch)
Elizabeth CHANDLER FORMAN
Mary G. CHERRY
Mary  CHOLMONDELEY (niece of Stella Benson) (8.6.1859 – 15.07.1925) (worked as a clerk in Carlton House Terrace Hospital)
Agatha CHRISTIE (nee Miller) (1890 – 1976 VAD Torquay)
Isabel C. CLARKE (born Plymouth)
Alice E. COLLINGE (1869 – 1960)
Mary Gabrielle COLLINS
Frances CORNFORD (1886 – 1960)
Margaret CROPPER
Nancy CUNARD (1896 - 1965)

Elizabeth DARYUSH (Daughter of Robert Bridges) (1887 - 1977)
Helena DEREZINSKA (Lancashire)
Helen DIRCKS
Eva DOBELL (1867 - 1963) (Niece of poet Sydney Dobell) (Nurse)
Sarah DOUDNEY (1841 - 1926)
Agnes E. DREY (Lancashire)

Helen Parry EDEN (1885 -

Agnes FALCONER
Eleanor FARJEON (London; 1881 - 1965)
V. Helen FRIEDLAENDER


Lilian GARD
Alexandra Ethelreda GRANTHAM (eldest son killed WW1)
Nora GRIFFITHS
I. GRINDLEY (Queen Mary's Army Auxilliary Corps)
Diana GURNEY
Dorothy Frances GURNEY (1858 – 1932)

Cicely HAMILTON
Helen HAMILTON
Isabel WESTCOTT HARPER
Ada May HARRISON
Agnes CROZIER HERBERTSON
May HERSHEL-CLARKE
Ethel M. HEWITT
Constance HOLLAR
Winifred HOLTBY (Nursed in France)
Theresa HOOLEY
Violet HUNT
Isobel W. HUTCHISON
Mildred HUXLEY

Catherine M. JACKSON (Wirral)
Violet JACOB ( d. 1947 - Born Violet Kennedy-Erskine in Scotland m. Major Arthur Jacob of 20th Hussars)
Storm JAMESON
Elinor JENKINS (1893 - 1920)

Edith A. KAHIA (Lancashire)
Anna GORDON KEOWN
Annie L. KNOWLES (Lancashire)

Margery LAWRENCE
Winifred M. LETTS (1882 - 1972)
Olive E. LINDS
Mina LOY (1882 -
Geraldine E. LYSTER (Lancashire)

Irene Rutherford McLEOD
Dame Rose MACAULAY (1881 - 1958) (Descendent of Lord Macaulay)
Helen MACKAY (1891 - 1965)
Nina MACDONALD
Miss Isobel MARCHBANK
Nina MARDEL (VAD)
Alice MAUD
Charlotte MEW
Alice MEYNELL (1847 - 1922)
Olga MILLER (nee KATZIN) (1896 -
Sophie MILLER
Frances Evelyn MILLETT
Miss G.M. MITCHELL
Naomi MITCHISON - Scottish
Lady Gertrude MOBERLEY (1860 -

Edith NESBIT (1858 - 1924) (m. BLAND)
Eileen NEWTON
The Honourable Eleanour NORTON (1881 - )

Moira O'NEILL (1864 - 1955)
Carola OMAN (1897 - 1978) Nurse with Red + Western Front 1916 - 1919 m. Sir Geralde Lenanton
Florence OVERTON (Lancashire)

Elsie May PATERSON CRANMER (1893 - 
Margaret PETERSON (1883 – 1933) Pen name:  Glint Green)
Ruth PITTER (7 November 1897 - 29 February 1992) (Worked at the War Office 1915 - 1917
Jessie POPE (18.3.1868 - 14.12.1941 - b, Leicester m. Babington Lenton
Dame Margaret POSTGATE COLE (1893 - 1980)
Irene R. POTTER
Mary PRALL
Marjorie PRATT
Louise PRIOR

Inez QUILTER (aged 11)

Dollie RADFORD (nee Maitland) (1858 – 1920)
Elsie S. RAE - Scottish
Dorothy Una RATCLIFFE (1887 - 1967 b. Yorkshire)
Constance Ada RENSHAW (Sheffield. 1891 - 1964)
Dorothy RICHARDSON (b. Abingdon 17th May 1873 - d. Beckenham 17th June 1957. m. Alan Odle 1917)
Ursula ROBERTS (1887 - 1975) (b. India; educated Highgate and London University) Pen name Susan MILES)
Margaret E. ROWNTREE (nee Fish m. 1926) (Born Fleetwood 1899 - 1983)

Lady Margaret SACKVILLE (1881 - 1963)
Vita SACKVILLE-WEST (1892 - 1962)
Dorothy L. SAYERS (1893 – 1957)
Ethel SCHEFFAUER
Lady Aimee BYNG SCOTT (1868 - 1953)
Edith HOPE-SCOTT (Lancashire)
Fredegond SHOVE (nee MAITLAND) (1889 – 1949)
May SINCLAIR (born Rock Ferry, Wirral 1865 - 1946) Nurse in France 1914
Edith SITWELL (born Scarborough 1887 - 1964)
Cicely FOX SMITH (Born Lymm, Cheshire; educated Manchester)
Stevie SMITH (1902 - 1971) "Not waving but drowning"
Freya STARK (1893 - 1993)
Dorothy Margaret STEWART
Suzanne STONE
Marie Carmichael STOPES (1880 - 1954) (First female science lecturer at Manchester University)
Muriel STUART (  - 1967) (Founded P.E.N. Club in 1921)
Millicent SUTHERLAND ((1867 - 1955)(Milicent Gower, Duchess of Sutherland) (Nurse in France. Painted by Victor Tardieu)
Mary SYMON (1863 – 1938)
Emily HOWSON TAYLOR (1879 -
Gwen TAYLOR 
Rachel Annand TAYLOR (1876 - 1960)
Ruth TAYLOR 
Joan THOMPSON (With the Red Cross to France)
Aelfrida TILLYARD (1883 - 
Iris TREE (1897 - 1968) (Bloomsbury Group - friend of Nancy Cunard)
Alys FANE TROTTER (1863 - 1962) lived in South Africa during 1890s
Ada TYRELL

Evelyn UNDERHILL   (worked with SSAFA and Naval Intelligence)
Viviane VERNE
Alberta VICKRIDGE (b. Bradford, Educated Bradford Girls' Grammar. VAD nurse)
Annie VIVANTI CHARTRES (1866 – 1942)

Sylvia TOWNSEND WARNER (1893 -  1978) Worked in Munitions Factory WW1
Mary WEBB (1881 - 1927 b. Leighton, nr. Wrekin, Shropshire; educated Southport)
Mary Morison WEBSTER
M. Winifred WEDGWOOD (VAD)
Dorothy WELLESLEY (1889 - 1956) 
Catherine DURNING WHETHAM (Devon)
Lucy WHITMELL
Anna WICKHAM (1884 - 1947)
Carolyn Crosby WILSON
Marjorie WILSON
Margaret L. WOODS (1856 -
Elizabeth WORDSWORTH (1840 - 1932)

AMERICA

Zoe AKINS (1886 - 1958)
Margaret Steele ANDERSON (1867 - 1921)


Karle Wilson BAKER (1878 - 1960)
Djuna BARNES (1892 - 1982)
Natalie Clifford BARNEY (1876 - 1972; lived in Paris for over 60 years)
Pauline BARRINGTON (1876 - 
Katharine Lee BATES (12.081859 - 28.03.1929: "America the Beautiful")
Louise BOGAN (1897 - 1970)
Mary BORDEN (lived in England.  Mobile hospital in France)
Amelia Josephine BURR (1878 - 1968)

Nancy CAMPBELL
Grace ELLERHY CHANNING (1862 - 1937; France and Italy as a War Correspondent)
Florence Earle COATES (1850 - 1927)
Helen Gray CONE (1859 - 1934)
Grace Hazard CONKLING (1878 - 1958)
Adelaide CRAPSEY
Charlotte Holmes CRAWFORD

Olive TILFORD DARGAN
Mary Carolyn DAVIES
Hilda Dolittle or H.D. (
Vita DUTTON-SCUDDER (1861 - 1954)


Gabrielle ELLIOTT (American Fund for French Wounded; Nursing Committee for the Council of National Defence)

S. Gertrude FORD
Lena GILBERT BROWN FORD


Theodosia GARRISON
Charlotte Perkins GILMAN (1860 - 1935)
Louise Imogen GUINEY (1861 - 1920)

Mary M.J. HENDERSON (Lived in UK. Went to Russia and Serbia with Elsa Inglis)
Alice Corbin HENDERSON (1881 - 1949)
Katherine HOWARD


Amy LOWELL (1874 - 1925)


Florence RIPLEY MASTIN
Moina BELLE MICHAEL (The Poppy Lady)
Ruth Comfort MITCHELL
Edna St. Vincent MILLAY
Harriet MONROE
Marianne MOORE (1887 - 1972)
Aline MURRAY (1888 - 1941)


Grace Fallow NORTON (1876 - 1926)

Dorothy PARKER
Mary PIERCY

Lizette WOODWORTH REESE (1856 - 1935)
Edith Grenstead ROCHESTER
Edith RUTTER-LEATHAM


Vida Dutton SCUDDER (1861 - 1954)
Gertrude STEIN
Charlotte PERKINS STETSON


Sarah TEASDALE
Lesbia THANET
Edith M. THOMAS (1854 - 1925)
Rose Hartwick THORPE (1850 - 1939)

Marie van VORST (Organised American Ambulance Corps; set up workshops in Rome)
Grace O. VANAMEE (1876 - 1946)


Mrs G.O. WARREN
Edith WHARTON (1862 - 1937) (Paris WW1 - nursed)
Ella WHEELER WILCOX (1850 - 1919) (To the Western Front in 1918)
Margaret WIDDAMER
Margaret ADELAIDE WILSON


AUSTRIA

*Ingeborg BACHMANN (1926 - 1973)
Vicky BAUM (1888 - 1960)
Paula LUDWIG (1900 - 1974)

* Although she is not relevant to the period, Ingeborg is her by kind permission and suggestion of Mike Lyons, who translated some of Ingeborg's poems.  Mike very kindly sent me a copy of his book.

AUSTRO-HUNGARIA

Rose Auslander (11.05.1901 – 03.01.1988)

AUSTRALIA

Emily BULCOCK (1877 - 1969)
Ada CAMBRIDGE A.C. (1844 - 1926)
Violet B. CRAMER
Zora CROSS (1890 - 1964)
Edith May ENGLAND (1899 - 1979)
Nellie EVANS (1883 - 1944)
May Hannay FOOT (1846 - 1918)
Mary Elizabeth FULLERTON (1868 - 1946)
Dame Mary GILMORE (1965 - 1962)
Lesbia HARFORD (1891 - 1927)
Winsome JENNINGS
Alice GORE JONES (1887 - 1961)
Marion KNOWLES
Dorothea McKELLAR
Agnes ROSE-SOLEY
Ethel TURNER (1872 - 1958 - born Doncaster, England)
Elizabeth von AMIN (1866 - 1941)

BELGIUM

Marie NIZET (1859 - 1922)
Alice NAHON (1896 - 1938)

BRAZIL

Cora CORALINA (20 August 1889 – 10 April 1985)
Cecilia MEIRELES (7.11.1901 – 9.11.1964)
Adaligsa NERY (29.10.1905 – 7.6.1980)


CANADA

Jean BLEWETT (1872 - 1934)
Helene Jane COLEMAN (1860 - 1953)
Marie JOUSSAYE (1864 - 1949)
Susan Frances HARRISON (1859 - 1935)
Norah M. HOLLAND (1876 - 1925) - Mother related to W.B. Yeats
Isabel MACKAY (Isabel Ecclestone - 1875 - 1928)
Lucy Maud MONTGOMERY (1874 - 1942)
Marjorie L.C. PICKTHALL (1883 - 1922)


CHILE

Gabriela MISTRAL (1889 - 1957 - pen name of Lucila Godoy Alcayaga)

CHINA

Bing Xin


FRANCE

Adrienne BLANC-PERIDIER (1884 - 1965)
Henriette CHARASON (1884 - 1972)
Marie DAUGUET (1860 - 1942)
Lise DEHARME (1898? - 1980)
Lucie DELARUE-MARDRUS (1874 - 1945- nurse in WW1)
Marguerite DURAND (Editor of La Fronde)
Rosemonde GERARD (1886 - 1953)
Miriam HARRY (Maria Rosette SHAPIRA)
Gerard d'HOUVILLE (Nom de plume - 1875 - 1963)
Amelie MURAT (1882 - 1940)
Anna de NOAILLES (1876 - 1933)
Louisa PAULIN (1888 - 1944)
Valentine PENROSE (nee BOUE) (1898 - 1978)
Cecile PERIN (1877 - 1959)
Henriette SAURET
Cecile SAUVAGE (1883 - 1927)
Colette YVER (


GERMANY

Lou ALBERT-LAZARD (1885 - 1969) artist and poet
Anna BAHR-HILDENBERG ?
Emmy BALL-HENNINGS (1885 - 1948) m. DADA poet Hugo Ball
Maria BENEMANN (1887 - 1980)
Trude BERNHARD (??)
Frida BETTINGEN (1865 - 1924)
Isla FRANKE (1881 - 1938)
Claire GOLL (1890 - 1977)
Henriette HARDENBERG (1894 - 1993)
Ricarda Octavia HUCH (1883 - 1937)
Elizabeth LANGASSER (1899 - 1950)
Berta LASK (1878 - 1967)
Lola LANDAU (1892 - 1990)
Mechtilde LICHNOWSKY (1879 - 1958)
Thekla LINGEN
Lya MARA
Elisabeth MEINHARD ??
Elizabeth PAULSEN
Else LASKER SCHULER (1869 - 1965)
Hilde STIELER-MEYER (1879 - 1965)
Nell WALDEN (1887 - 1975) 

HOLLAND

Agnita FEIS
Henriette ROLAND HOLST (1869 - 1952)
Augusta PEAUX (1859 - 1944)
Giza RITSCHL (1869 - 1942)
Nine van der SCHAAF (1882 - 1973)
Margo SHARTEN-ANTINK
Helene SWARTH (1859 - 1941)
Jacqueline van der WAALS (1868 - 1922)

INDIA

Sarojini NAIDU (1879 - 1949)
Nalini Bala DEVI (1898 - 19770

IRELAND

Eva GORE BOOTH
Kathleen KNOX
May O'ROURKE (Became Secretary to Thomas Hardy in 1923)
Dora SIGERSON SHORTER (1866 - 1918)
Katharine TYNAN (1861 - 1931)
Helen WADDELL

ITALY

Ada NEGRI (1870 – 1945)
Amalia GUGLIELMINETTI (1881 – 1941)


JAPAN

Akiko YOSANO (1878 - 1942)


NEWFOUNDLAND

Georgiana COOPER
Rose M. GREENE
P. Florence MILLER
Marie E. WAY


NEW ZEALAND

Mary Ursula BETHELL (1874 - 19450
Eileen DUGGAN (1894 - 1972)
Katherine MANSFIELD (1888 - 1923)


POLAND

Maria PAWLIKOWSKA-JASNORZEWSKA (24.11.1891 Krakow – 09.07 1945 Manchester)


PORTUGAL

Fernanda de CASTRO
Florbela ESPANCA
Marta MESQUITA DE CAMARA
Virginia VITORINO


ROMANIAN

Stilia CAZIMIR (1894 - 1967)
Maria CUNTAN ?
Elena FARAGO (1878 - 1954)
Natalia NEGRU (1862 - 1962)
Izabela SADOVEANU-EVAN (24.02.1870 – 06.08.1941)
Elena VACARESCU (21.9.1864 Bucharest – 17.02.1947 Paris)


RUSSIA

Anna AKHMATOVA (1889 -1966 from the Ukraine)
Marina TSVETAEVA

SERBIA

Jelena Spiridonovie Savic (1890 – 974)

SOUTH AFRICAN

Edith L.M. KING (1871 - 1962)


SWEDEN

Elsa BESKOW (1874 – 1953)


SWITZERLAND

Francisa STOCKLIN (1894 - 1931)


"LOST SHEEP"

Emily ORR
Muriel Elsie GRAHAM

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