Tuesday, 3 September 2013

Revised List of Female Poets of the First World War, September 2013


FEMALE POETS OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR

As my research has progressed, it has become even more clear that there were far more women who wrote poetry during the 1914 - 1918 period than the few mentioned in many of the anthologies compiled so far.   I feel strongly that their voices deserve to be heard - please get in touch if you know of any I have missed.  Thank you.

REVISED LIST SEPTEMBER 2013

GREAT BRITAIN
        
Margot Robert ADAMSON
Georgette AGNEW
Marian ALLEN (1892 – 1953) b. Australia
Jessie Annie ANDERSON (b. 1861 - Scottish
Lilian M. ANDERSON
Marion ANGUS (1866 - 1946) - Scottish

Enid BAGNOLD (27th October 1889 - 31st March 1981 - Nurse then driver in France
Rachel BATES (Wirral)
Dorothy Julie BAYNES
Mary BEAZLEY
Madeline Ida BEDFORD
Janet BEGBIE (1894 - 1953) - daughter of poet Harold Begbie
Maud Anna BELL (Serbian Relief Fund)
Frances BELLERBY (1899 – 1975)
Stella BENSON (1892 - 1933)
Matilda BETHAM-EDWARDS
Nora BOMFORD
Lilian BOWES LYON (1895 - 1949)
Mary Elizabeth BOYLE (brother killed in opening days of the War)
Catherine BRIDSON (Wirral)
Beatrix BRICE MILLER (1877 – 1959) went as Lady Helper with the BEF in 1914 
Sybil BRISTOWE (brother killed early 1917)
Vera BRITTAIN (1896 - 1970) (Nurse - VAD - Brother killed in Italy)
Alice Mary BUCKTON (1867 - 1944) (Emigrated to South Africa)
Irene BUTLER (1901 – 1944) Downe House schoolgirl


C.A.L.T.
May WEDDERBURN-CANNAN (1893 - 1973) (VAD + Intelligence Service; engaged to Bevil Quiller-Couch)
Elizabeth CHANDLER FORMAN
Mary G. CHERRY
Mary CHOLMONDELEY (niece of Stella Benson) (8.6.1859 – 15.07.1925) (worked as a clerk in Carlton House Terrace Hospital)
Agatha CHRISTIE (nee Miller) (1890 – 1976 VAD Torquay)
Isabel C. CLARKE (born Plymouth)
Marie E. CLAY (Warwickshire)
Alice E. COLLINGE (1869 – 1960)
Mary Gabrielle COLLINS
Frances CORNFORD (1886 – 1960)
Margaret CROPPER
Nancy CUNARD (1896 - 1965)
Olive Eleanor CUNSTANCE (1874 – 1944) – Lady DOUGLAS

Elizabeth DARYUSH (Daughter of Robert Bridges) (1887 - 1976)
Helena DEREZINSKA (Lancashire)
Helen DIRCKS
Eva DOBELL (1867 - 1963) (Niece of poet Sydney Dobell) Nurse
Jocelyn Ashley DODD (1903 – 1986) Downe House schoolgirl
Sarah DOUDNEY (1841 - 1926)
Agnes E. DREY (Lancashire)

Helen Parry EDEN (1885 -

Agnes FALCONER
Eleanor FARJEON (London; 1881 - 1965)
V. Helen FRIEDLAENDER


Lilian GARD
Alexandra Ethelreda GRANTHAM (eldest son killed WW1)
Nora GRIFFITHS
I. GRINDLEY (Queen Mary's Army Auxilliary Corps)
Diana GURNEY
Dorothy Frances GURNEY (1858 – 1932)

Cicely HAMILTON (1872 - 1952)
Helen HAMILTON
Isabel WESTCOTT HARPER
Ada May HARRISON
Agnes CROZIER HERBERTSON
May HERSHEL-CLARKE
Ethel M. HEWITT
Constance HOLLAR
Winifred HOLTBY (Nursed in France)
Theresa HOOLEY
Violet HUNT
Isobel W. HUTCHISON
Mildred HUXLEY

Catherine M. JACKSON (Wirral)
Violet JACOB ( d. 1947 - Born Violet Kennedy-Erskine in Scotland m. Major Arthur Jacob of 20th Hussars)
Storm JAMESON
Elinor JENKINS (1893 - 1920)

Edith A. KAHIA (Lancashire)
Anna GORDON KEOWN
Harriet KING (1840 – 1920) Harriet Eleanor Hamilton-King
Annie L. KNOWLES (Lancashire)

Margery LAWRENCE
Winifred M. LETTS (1882 - 1972)
Olive E. LINDS
Mina LOY (1882 – 1966) Poet/Artist
Audrey LUCAS (1898 – 1975) Daughter of E.V. & Elizabeth Lucas; Downe House schoolgirl in WW1
Geraldine E. LYSTER (Lancashire)

Irene Rutherford McLEOD
Dame Rose MACAULAY (1881 - 1958) (Descendent of Lord Macaulay)
Helen MACKAY (1891 - 1965)
Nina MACDONALD
Miss Isobel MARCHBANK
Nina MARDEL (VAD)
Olive MATTHEWS (1900 - ?) Downe House schoolgirl
Alice MAUD
Charlotte MEW
Elsie MEWIS - Birmingham
Alice MEYNELL (1847 - 1922)
Olga MILLER (nee KATZIN) (1896 -
Sophie MILLER
Frances Evelyn MILLETT
Miss G.M. MITCHELL
Naomi MITCHISON (1897 – 1999) Scottish – b. Edinburgh
Lady Gertrude MOBERLEY (1860 -

Edith NESBIT (1858 - 1924) (m. BLAND)
Eileen NEWTON
The Honourable Eleanour NORTON (1881 - )

Moira O'NEILL (1864 - 1955)
Carola OMAN (1897 - 1978) Nurse with Red + Western Front 1916 - 1919 m. Sir Geralde Lenanton
Florence OVERTON (Lancashire)

Margaret PETERSON (1883 - 1933.  Pen name:  Glint Green)
Ruth PITTER (7 November 1897 - 29 February 1992) (Worked at the War Office 1915 - 1917
Jessie POPE (18.3.1868 - 14.12.1941 - b, Leicester m. Babington Lenton
Dame Margaret POSTGATE COLE (1893 - 1980)
Irene R. POTTER
Mary PRALL
Marjorie PRATT
Louise PRIOR

Inez QUILTER

Dollie RADFORD (nee Maitland) (1858 – 1920)
Dorothy Una RATCLIFFE (1887 - 1967 b. Yorkshire)
Constance Ada RENSHAW (Sheffield. 1891 - 1964)
Enid RICHARDSON (1901 – 1995) Downe House schoolgirl
Dorothy RICHARDSON (b. Abingdon 17th May 1873 - d. Beckenham 17th June 1957. m. Alan Odle 1917)
Ursula ROBERTS (1887 - 1975) (b. India; educated Highgate and London University) Pen name Susan MILES)
Margaret E. ROWNTREE (nee Fish m. 1926) (Born Fleetwood 1899 - 1983)

Lady Margaret SACKVILLE (1881 – 1963)
Vita SACKVILLE-WEST (1892 - 1962)
Dorothy L. SAYERS
Ethel SCHEFFAUER
Lady Aimee BYNG SCOTT (1868 - 1953)
Edith HOPE-SCOTT (Lancashire)
Fredegond SHOVE (nee MAITLAND) (1889 – 1949)
May SINCLAIR (born Rock Ferry, Wirral 1865 - 1946) Nurse in France 1914
Edith SITWELL (born Scarborough 1887 - 1964)
Cicely FOX SMITH (Born Lymm, Cheshire; educated Manchester)
Stevie SMITH (1902 - 1971) "Not waving but drowning"
Freya STARK (1893 - 1993)
Dorothy Margaret STEWART
Suzanne STONE
Marie Carmichael STOPES (1880 - 1954) (First female science lecturer at Manchester University)
Muriel STUART (  - 1967) (Founded P.E.N. Club in 1921)
Millicent SUTHERLAND ((1867 - 1955)(Milicent Gower, Duchess of Sutherland) (Nurse in France. Painted by Victor Tardieu)
Mary SYMON (Scottish)

Emily HOWSON TAYLOR (1879 -
Gwen TAYLOR 
Rachel Annand TAYLOR (1876 - 1960)
Ruth TAYLOR 
Judith BRUNDRETT-TWESDALE
Joan THOMPSON (With the Red Cross to France)
Aelfrida TILLYARD (1883 - 
Iris TREE (1897 - 1968) (Bloomsbury Group - friend of Nancy Cunard)
Alys FANE TROTTER (1863 - 1962) lived in South Africa1890s
Ada TYRELL

Evelyn UNDERHILL   (worked with SSAFA and Naval Intelligence)

Alberta VICKRIDGE (b. Bradford, Educated Bradford Girls' Grammar. VAD nurse)
Viviane VERNE

Sylvia TOWNSEND WARNER (1893 -   ) Worked in Munitions Factory
Mary WEBB (1881 - 1927 b. Leighton, nr. Wrekin, Shropshire; educated Southport)
Mary Morison WEBSTER
M. Winifred WEDGWOOD (VAD)
Dorothy WELLESLEY (1889 - 1956) 
Catherine DURNING WHETHAM (Devon)
Joan WHITBY (Downe House schoolgirl)
Lucy WHITMELL
Anna WICKHAM (1884 - 1947)
Carolyn Crosby WILSON
Marjorie WILSON
Margaret L. WOODS
Elizabeth WORDSWORTH (1840 - 1932)


AMERICA

Zoe AKINS (1886 - 1958)
Margaret Steele ANDERSON (1867 - 1921)
Karle Wilson BAKER (1878 - 1960)
Djuna BARNES (1892 - 1982)
Natalie Clifford BARNEY (1876 - 1972; lived in Paris for over 60 years)
Pauline BARRINGTON (1876 - 
Katharine Lee BATES (12.081859 - 28.03.1929: "America the Beautiful")
Louise BOGAN (1897 - 1970)
Mary BORDEN (lived in England.  Mobile hospital in France)
Amelia Josephine BURR (1878 - 1968)

Nancy CAMPBELL
Grace ELLERHY CHANNING (1862 - 1937; France and Italy as a War Correspondent)
Florence Earle COATES (1850 - 1927)
Helen Gray CONE (1859 - 1934)
Grace Hazard CONKLING (1878 - 1958)
Adelaide CRAPSEY
Charlotte Holmes CRAWFORD

Olive TILFORD DARGAN
Mary Carolyn DAVIES
Hilda Dolittle or H.D. (1886 – 1961)
Vita DUTTON-SCUDDER (1861 - 1954)
Gabrielle ELLIOTT (American Fund for French Wounded; Nursing Committee for the Council of National Defence)

S. Gertrude FORD
Lena GILBERT BROWN FORD

Theodosia GARRISON
Charlotte Perkins GILMAN (1860 - 1935)
Louise Imogen GUINEY (1861 - 1920)

Mary M.J. HENDERSON (Lived in UK. Went to Russia and Serbia with Elsa Inglis)
Alice Corbin HENDERSON (1881 - 1949)
Katherine HOWARD


Aline KILMER (1888 – 1941) b. Aline Murray m. Kilmer 1908

Amy LOWELL (1874 - 1925)
Florence RIPLEY MASTIN
Moina BELLE MICHAEL (1869 - 1944) The Poppy Lady – worked for the YMCA during WW1
Ruth Comfort MITCHELL
Edna St. Vincent MILLAY (1892 – 1950) Pen name Nancy BOYD
Harriet MONROE (founded and edited “Poetry”, the first American magazine dedicated to poetry
Marianne MOORE (1887 - 1972)
Aline MURRAY (1888 - 1941)

Grace Fallow NORTON (1876 - 1926)

Dorothy PARKER (1893 – 1967)
Marge PIERCY

Lizette WOODWORTH REESE (1856 - 1935)
Laura Elizabeth Howe RICHARDS (1850 – 1943) 1917 Puliter Prize
Edith Grenstead ROCHESTER
Edith RUTTER-LEATHAM
Gertrude STEIN (1874 – 1946) Moved to France 1903 drove medical supplies to hospitals WW1
Charlotte PERKINS STETSON
Sarah TEASDALE
Lesbia THANET
Edith M. THOMAS (1854 - 1925)
Rose Hartwick THORPE (1850 - 1939)

Marie van VORST (Organised American Ambulance Corps; set up workshops in Rome)
Grace O. VANAMEE (1876 - 1946)
Mrs G.O. WARREN
Edith WHARTON (1862 - 1937) (Paris WW1 - nursed)
Ella WHEELER WILCOX (1850 - 1919) (To the Western Front in 1918)
Margaret WIDDAMER
Margaret ADELAIDE WILSON
Elinor WYLIE (1885 – 1928)


ARMENIA

Shushanik KURGHINIAN (1876 – 1927)


AUSTRIA

Vicky BAUM (1888 – 1960)
Maria Eugenie Delle GRAZIE (184 – 1931)
Paula LUDWIG (1900 – 1974)


AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN EMPIRE

Rose AUSLANDER (11.05.1901 – 03.01.1988)


AUSTRALIA

Emily BULCOCK (1877 - 1969)
Ada CAMBRIDGE A.C. (1844 - 1926)
Violet B. CRAMER
Zora CROSS (1890 - 1964)
Edith May ENGLAND (1899 - 1979)
Nellie EVANS (1883 - 1944)
May Hannay FOOT (1846 - 1918)
Mary Elizabeth FULLERTON (1868 - 1946)
Dame Mary GILMORE (1965 - 1962)
Lesbia HARFORD (1891 - 1927)
Winsome JENNINGS
Alice GORE JONES (1887 - 1961)
Marion KNOWLES
Dorothea McKELLAR
Agnes ROSE-SOLEY
Ethel TURNER (1872 - 1958 - born Doncaster, England)
Elizabeth von AMIN (1866 - 1941)


BELGIUM

Marie NIZET (1859 – 1922)
Alice NAHON (1896 - 1933) - trained as a nurse during WW1


BRAZIL

Cora CORALINA (20 August 1889 – 10 April 1985)
Cecilia MEIRELES (7.11.1901 – 9.11.1964)
Adalgisa NERY (29.10.1905 – 7.6.1980)


BULGARIA

Elisaveta BAGRYANA (1893 – 1991)
Dora GABE (1886 – 1963)


CANADA

Jean BLEWETT (1872 - 1934)
Helena Jane COLEMAN (1860 - 1953)
Marie JOUSSAYE (1864 - 1949)
Susan Frances HARRISON (1859 - 1935)
Norah M. HOLLAND (1876 - 1925)
Isabel MACKAY (Isabel Ecclestone - 1875 - 1928)
Lucy Maud MONTGOMERY (1874 - 1942)
Marjorie L.C. PICKTHALL (1883 - 1922)


CHILE

Gabriela MISTRAL (1889 - 1957 - pen name of Lucila Godoy Alcayaga)
Winett de ROKHA (1892 – 1951)


CHINA

Bing Xin


FINLAND

Katri VALA (1901 – 1942)
Edith SODERGRAN (1882 – 1923)
Kerstin SODERHOLM (1897 – 1943)


FRANCE

Adrianne BLANC-PERIDIER (1884 – 1965)
Henriette CHARASON (1884 – 1972)
Marie DAUGUET (1860 - 1942)
Lise DEHARME (1898? - 1980)
Lucie DELARUE-MARDRUS (1874 - 1945- nurse in WW1)
Marguerite DURAND (Editor of La Fronde)
Rosemonde GERARD (1886 - 1953)
Miriam HARRY (Maria Rosette SHAPIRA)
Gerard d'HOUVILLE (Nom de plume - 1875 - 1963)
Amelie MURAT (1882 - 1940)
Anna de NOAILLES (1876 - 1933)
Louisa PAULIN (1888 - 1944)
Valentine PENROSE (nee Boue – 1898 – 1978)
Cecile PERIN (1877 - 1959)
Henriette SAURET
Cecile SAUVAGE (1883 - 1927)
Colette YVER (


GREECE

Maria POLYDOURI (1902 – 1930)


GERMANY

Lou ALBERT-LAZARD (1885 – 1969) Artist/Poet
Anna BAHR-HILDENBERG
Emmy BALL-HENNINGS (1885 – 1948) m Hugo Ball DADA poet
Maria BENEMANN (1887 – 1980)
Trude BERNHARD
Frida BETTINGEN (1865 – 1924)
Isla FRANKE (1881 - 1938)
Claire GOLL (1890 - 1977)
Henriette HARDENBERG (1894 – 1983) (Margarete ROSENBERG)
Ricarda Octavia HUCH (1863 – 1947)
Elizabeth LANGASSER (1899 - 1950)
Berta LASK (1878 – 1967)
Lola LANDAU (1892 – 1990)
Else LASKER SCHULER
Mechthilde LICHNOWSKY (1879 – 1958)
Thekla LINGEN (1866 – 1931)
Elisabeth MEINHARD
Elizabeth PAULSEN
Hilde STIELER-MEYER (1879 – 1965)
Nell WALDEN (1887 – 1975)


HEBREW

Rachel ISRAEL (1890 – 1931) b. Russia


HOLLAND

Agnita FEIS (1881 – 1944)
Henriette ROLAND HOLST (1869 - 1952)
Augusta PEAUX (1859 - 1944)
Giza RITSCHL (1869 - 1942)
Nine van der SCHAAF (1882 - 1973)
Margo SHARTEN-ANTINK
Helene SWARTH (1859 - 1941)
Jacqueline van der WAALS (1868 - 1922)


INDIA

Nalini Bala DEVI (1898 – 1977)
Sarojini NAIDU (1879 - 1949)


IRELAND

Eleanor ALEXANDER
Jane BARLOW (1897 – 1917)
Eva GORE BOOTH (1870 – 1956)
Elizabeth BOWEN (1899 – 1973)
Alice FURLONG (1875 – 1948)
Lady Augusta GREGORY (1852 – 1932)
Kathleen KNOX
Temple LANE (1899 – 1982)
Rosamund LANGBRIDGE (1880 – 1964)
Eirene MANDERS (Downe House schoolgirl)
Rosa MULHOLLAND (Lady Gilbert) (1841 – 1921)
May NORTON (1876 – 1957)
May O'ROURKE (Became Secretary to Thomas Hardy in 1923)
Elizabeth SHANE
Dora SIGERSON SHORTER (1866 - 1918)
Katharine TYNAN (1861 - 1931)
Helen WADDELL


ITALY

Amalia GUGLIELMINETTI (1881 – 1941)
Ada NEGRI (1870 – 1945)


JAPAN

Akiko YOSANO (1878 - 1942)
Fukao SUMAKO (1893 – 1974)


MEXICO

Rosario Maria GUTIERREZ ESKILDSEN (1899 – 1979)


NEWFOUNDLAND

Georgiana COOPER (
Rose M. GREENE
P. Florence MILLER
Marie E. WAY


NEW ZEALAND

Mary Ursula BETHELL (1874 - 1945)
Violet COTTRELL (1887 – 1971)
Eileen DUGGAN (1894 - 1972)
Ivy Olive GIBBS (1886 – 1966)
Kathleen HAWKINS (1883 – 1981)
Alice Annie KENNY (1875 – 1960)
Jessie MACKAY (1864 – 1938)
Katherine MANSFIELD (1888 - 1923)
Lola RIDGE (1873 – 1941)


PERSIA

Bahiyyih KHANUM (1846 – 1932)


POLAND

Maria PAWLIKOWSKA-JASNORZEWSKA (24.11.1891 Krakow – 09.07 1945 Manchester)


PORTUGAL

Fernanda de CASTRO (1900 – 1994)
Florbela ESPANCA (1894 – 1930)
Marta MESQUITA DE CAMARA
Virginia VITORINO


ROMANIA

Otilia CAZIMIR (1894 – 1967)
Maria CUNTAN (1862 – 1935)
Elena FARAGO (1888 – 1954)
Natalia NEGRU (1882 – 1962)
Izabela SADOVEANU-EVAN (24.02.1870 – 06.08.1941)
ElenaVACARESCU (21.9.1864 Bucharest – 17.02.1947 Paris)
Elizabeth of WIED (1843 – 1916)


RUSSIA

Anna AKHMATOVA (1889 -1966 from the Ukraine)
Sophia PARNOT (1885 – 1933)
Marina TSVETAEVA (1892 – 1941)
Mrs KOUDASHEVA  - woman soldier poet
Mrs SKRIDLOVA  - woman soldier poet


SERBIA

Jelena DIMITRIJEVIC (1862 – 1945)
Danica MARKOVIC (1879 – 1932)
Jelena SPIRIDONOVIC SAVIC (1890 – 1974)


SOUTH AFRICA

Edith L.M. KING (1871 - 1962)


SPAIN

Emilia Pardo BAZAN (1851 – 1921)
Rosa CHACEL (1898 – 1994)


SWEDEN

Elsa BESKOW (1874 – 1953)
Karin BOYE (1900 – 1941)


SWITZERLAND

Francisca STOCKLIN (1894 – 1931)


TURKEY

Halide EDIP ADINA (1884 – 1964)
Makbule ATADA (1885 – 1956)
Nigar HANIM (1856 – 1918)
Emine SEMIYE ONASY (1864 – 1944) – writer/nurse
Fatma ALIYE TOPUZ (1862 – 1936)


URUGUAY

Delmira AGUSTINI (1886 – 1914)
Juana de IBARBOUROU (1892 – 1979)
Alfonsina STOMI (1892 – 1938)



LOST SHEEP’ – awaiting further information

Emily ORR
Muriel Elsie GRAHAM
Anna BUNSTON DE BARY

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